Europe’s combined wealth hit €56 trillion in 2013, with the bulk of it concentrated in Germany, France, Italy and the UK. This wealth is highly diversified and has often been passed down through several generations, either in the form of land, family businesses or investments. The continent faces dramatic challenges in the light of continuing aftershocks of the financial crisis and the UK’s referendum vote to leave the European Union.

We have advised leading families in Europe for over 100 years, on their business, personal and philanthropic interests. Our experience includes matters in almost every European country, with particular strengths in Italy, Switzerland and France.